Management of residual subdural hematoma after burr-hole evacuation. The role of fluid therapy and review of the literature

Nicola Montano, Vito Stifano, Benjamin Skrap, Edoardo Mazzucchi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

A vast amount of literature has been published investigating the factors associated to the recurrence of a chronic subdural hematoma (SDH). However, little exists in the literature about the best medical management of the residual SDH in order to prevent the recurrence. Moreover only few studies quantitatively assess clinical and radiological outcomes of residual post-operative SDH. In this study, to our knowledge, we report the first series of chronic SDH with a quantitative outcomes analysis of the effects of fluid therapy on residual post-operative SDH. Moreover we discuss the pertinent literature. We reviewed clinical and outcome data of 39 patients (44 SDH; 12 F, 27 M) submitted to a burr-hole evacuation of a SDH. The mean age was 76.97 ± 7.77 years. All patients had a minimum 3-month follow-up (FU). Post-operatively, an intravenous saline solution was started in all cases (2000 ml in 24 h) and administered for 3 days. Then an oral hydration with 2 l per day of water was started and continued as outpatients. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), SDH volume and midline shift were evaluated pre-operatively, post-operatively and at FU. We found a statistically significant improvement of post-operative and at FU GCS and KPS compared to the pre-operative. SDH volume and midline shift were also statistically significant reduced in the post-operative and at FU. No complication occurred. Only 1 patient required a reoperation at 3 months FU for neurological worsening. Oral fluid therapy is a safe and effective treatment for residual SDH.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)26-29
Numero di pagine4
RivistaJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume46
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • CT scan
  • Chronic subdural hematoma
  • Fluid therapy
  • Residual SDH treatment

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