Management of postoperative chylous ascites after surgery for ovarian cancer: a single-institution experience

Maria Cristina Mele, Giovanni Scambia, Anna Fagotti, Virginia Vargiu, Giuseppe Scaletta, Lorena Quagliozzi, Stefano Cianci

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Postoperative chylous ascites is a rare complication from operative trauma to the cisterna chyli or lymphatic vessels in the retroperitoneum. In the present study, we aimed to identify the incidence of postoperative chylous ascites in patients treated for ovarian cancer and to describe its management. We retrospectively reviewed all patients submitted to surgery for ovarian cancer at our Institution from October 2016 to November 2018. We analyzed the clinicopathological features, including the primary tumor histology, stage, grade, surgical procedure, median number of harvested pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes. We described our experience in the diagnosis and management of chylous ascites. Five hundred and forty-six patients were submitted to surgery for ovarian cancer and 298 patients received pelvic and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy. Chylous ascites occurred in 8 patients with an incidence of 1.4% in the overall population and a 2.68% among patients receiving lymphadenectomy. All patients received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with Olimel N4E 2000 mL (Baxter®) and somatostatin therapy with 0.2 mL per 3 times/day for a median of 9 days (range 7-11). Median hospital stay was 15 days (range 7-16). All patients were successfully managed conservatively and none required surgical correction. Conservative management of chylous ascites with TPN, somatostatin and paracentisis is feasible and effective. These data should be confirmed by prospective multicentric studies.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)729-734
Numero di pagine6
RivistaUpdates in Surgery
Volume71
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Chylous ascites
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Personalized medicine
  • Total parenteral nutrition

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