Introduction: Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is a frequent cancer in developed countries, but with evidence for discrepant clinical management. Under the auspices of the Italian Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SIOG), we conducted a survey among Italian centers with ≥20 surgeries for gynecological cancer per year, trying to depict a reliable picture of EC management in our country. Methods: The questionnaire focused on preoperative/surgical staging and adjuvant treatment. Of the 283 questionnaires delivered, 35% were sent back. Results: Diagnostic hysteroscopy is performed in 78% of centers. In clinical stage I, 52% adopt a laparotomic access, 15% totally laparoscopic, 9% laparoscopic/vaginal, 2% vaginal, 22% tailored approach. Elective use of laparoscopy significantly differs between institutions (. p<0.001): 40% (≥20EC/yr) vs. 12% (<20). Pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy is selectively performed by 77% and 68% of centers, respectively, depending on pre/intraoperative factors. Non-endometrioid histology, poor-grade and deep myoinvasion are indicated as the highest-risk factors. Adjuvant therapy is given to pathologically node-negative patients by 60%, and to intermediate-risk patients by 47%. Elective adjuvant treatment is still radiotherapy, but chemotherapy is adopted, mostly combined with radiation, by 40%. There is a multidisciplinary team in 64% of centers, but in 59% adjuvant treatment is to be administered outside the institution. Conclusions: These data demonstrate a significant improvement in the clinical care achieved over the last decades in Italy. Centralization of EC treatment would not be feasible neither useful. High-risk cases could be selected by an appropriate clinical screening, and these only referred to reference centers.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1038-1044
Numero di pagine7
RivistaInternational Journal of Surgery
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014


  • Endometrial cancer
  • Management in Italy
  • National survey


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