Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease for which auto-antibodies fully validated as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers are widely desired. Recently, an immunoreactivity against the inward rectifying potassium channel 4.1 (KIR4.1) has been reported in a large proportion of a group of MS patients, with amino acids 83â120 being the major epitope. Moreover, a strong correlation between anti-KIR4.183â120and anti-full-length-protein auto-antibodies titer was reported. However, this finding received limited confirmation. Objective: Validation of the diagnostic potential of anti-KIR4.183â120antibodies in 78 MS patients, 64 healthy blood donors, and 42 individuals with other neurological diseases. Methods: Analysis of anti-KIR4.183â120antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a mouse antiserum we produced as a new ELISA reliability control. Additionally, evaluation of reactivity against 293-T cells transiently transfected with full-length KIR4.1 by flow cytometry. Results: We found antibodies to KIR4.183â120only in 13 out of 78 (16.6%) MS patients; among these, only 2 were positive for anti-full-length KIR4.1 antibodies. Conclusion: Employing a new reliability control and a new cytofluorometric assay, we cannot support anti-KIR4.183â120auto-antibodies as a reliable biomarker in MS.
- Neurology (clinical)
- enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
- flow cytometry
- multiple sclerosis