To investigate the accuracy of Agatston scoring and potential for radiation dose reduction of a coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS) CT protocol at 100 kV with tin filtration (Sn100kV) and kV-independent iterative reconstruction, compared to standard 120 kV acquisitions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
With IRB approval and in HIPAA compliance, 114 patients (61.8 ± 9.6 years; 66 men) underwent CACS using a standard 120 kV protocol and an additional Sn100kV CACS scan. The two datasets were reconstructed using a medium sharp convolution algorithm and in addition the Sn100kV scans were reconstructed iteratively based on a kV-independent algorithm. Agatston scores and radiation dose values were compared between the Sn100kV and the standard 120 kV protocol.
Median Agatston scores derived from the Sn100kV protocol with the kV-independent algorithm and the standard 120 kV were 21.4 (IQR, 0-173.8) and 24.7 (IQR, 0-171.1) respectively, with no significant differences (p=0.18). Agatston scores derived from the two different protocols had an excellent correlation (r = 0.99). The dose-length-product was 11.5 ± 4.1 mGy × cm using Sn100kV and 50.4 ± 24.9 mGy × cm using the standard 120 kV protocol (p < 0.01), resulting in a significantly lower (77%) effective dose at Sn100kV (0.16 ± 0.06 mSv vs. 0.71 ± 0.35 mSv, p < 0.01). Additionally, 99% of the patients were classified into the same risk category (0, 1-10, 11-100, 101-400, or >400) using the Sn100kV protocol.
CACS at Sn100kV using the kV-independent iterative algorithm is feasible and provides high accuracy when compared to standard 120 kV scanning. Furthermore, radiation dose can be significantly reduced for this screening application in a priori healthy individuals.
- Agatston score
- Computed tomography
- Coronary CT angiography
- Coronary calcium scoring
- Radiation dose