OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a daily E2 (1 mg) plus drospirenone oral formulation (2 mg) on glycoinsulinemic metabolism, lipid profile, and endothelial function in symptomatic healthy menopausal women. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind study. SETTING: Operative Division of Endocrinological Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. PATIENT(S): Forty postmenopausal women. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were randomly submitted to receive treatment with an oral dose of E2 (1 mg) plus drospirenone (2 mg) (group A) or placebo (group B). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Hormonal and lipid assessment; evaluation of glucose and insulin metabolism by the clamp test and the oral glucose tolerance test; evaluation of endothelial function by the vascular reactivity test. RESULT(S): Total cholesterol levels, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and nonesterified fatty acids levels significantly decreased both after 3 and 6 months. No changes in high-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, apolipoprotein A1, apolipoprotein B, and lipoprotein (a) were found. Treatment resulted in few changes in glycoinsulinemic metabolism. We observed a significant reduction of the area under curve of insulin after 6 months of therapy. Endothelial function was significantly influenced by treatment, and an improvement in both flow-mediated dilatation and nitrate-mediated dilatation values after 6 months was observed. CONCLUSION(S): Low-dose E2/drospirenone treatment did not reveal any negative effect on carbohydrate metabolism, acting in a neutral way on insulin sensitivity. The treatment induced favorable changes in lipid profile and showed a significant improvement of vascular reactivity.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||Fertility and Sterility|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2011|