Objectives To retrospectively analyze interventional radiology (IR) activity changes in the COVID-19 era and to describe how to
safely and effectively reorganize IR activity.
Methods All IR procedures performed between January 30 and April 8, 2020 (COVID-era group) and the same 2019 period
(non-COVID-era group) were retrospectively included and compared. A sub-analysis for the lockdown period (LDP: 11 March–
8 April) was also conducted. Demographic, hospitalization, clinical, and procedural data were obtained for both groups and
statistically compared with univariable analysis.
Results A total of 1496 procedures (non-COVID era, 825; COVID era, 671) performed in 1226 patients (64.9 ± 15.1 years, 618
women) were included. The number of procedures decreased by 18.6% between 2019 and 2020 (825 vs 671, p < .001), with a
reduction by 48.2% in LDP (188 vs 363, p < .0001). In the LDP COVID era, bedside procedures were preferred (p = .013), with
an increase in procedures from the intensive care unit compared with the emergency department and outpatients (p = .048), and
an increased activity for oncological patients (p = .003). No incidents of cross-infection of non-infected from infected patients and
no evidence of COVID-19 infection of healthcare workers in the IR service was registered.
Conclusions Coronavirus disease outbreak changed the interventional radiology activity with an overall reduction in the number
of procedures. However, this study confirms that interventional radiology continuum of care can be safely performed also during
the pandemic, following defined measures and protocols, taking care of all patients.
- Interventional radiology, Neoplasms, Virus diseases, Infections, Safety