Longitudinal study of cardiac electrical activity in anesthetized guinea pigs by contactless magnetocardiography

Donatella Brisinda, Maria Emiliana Caristo Abbadessa Vito, Riccardo Fenici

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Guinea pigs (GPs) are used for preclinical evaluation of electrophysiologic effects of new drugs, because their myocytes have human-like action potentials and ventricular repolarization’s (VR) ion currents. This study was aimed to assess the reliability of magnetocardiographic (MCG) mapping for longitudinal studies of GP cardiac electrical activity. Eighteen anesthetized GPs were investigated with an unshielded 36-channel MCG instrumentation, at the age of 5 months (268.1 ± 19 g). Twelve GPs survived and were restudied when 14 months old (595.6 ± 90.5 g). RR, PR, QRS, QTpeak, QTend, JTpeak, JTend and Tpeak-end intervals were measured from MCG waveforms. Magnetic field (MF) maps, equivalent current dipole (ECD) parameters and current density imaging were also analyzed. A significant prolongation of the PR (p < 0.05) and QRS (p < 0.001) intervals was found at 14 months. Gender-related differences of VR intervals were not significant. Ppeak and QRSpeak MFs were similar in all animals, while Tpeak MF varied interindividually at 5 months and showed a rotation in some animals, at 14 months. The ECD strengths, measured at the Ppeak, QRSpeak and Tpeak were stronger (p < 0.01) at the age of 14 months than at 5 months. In contrast to findings in Wistar rats, age-related and gender-related differences of MCG VR parameters were not significant in GPs. Further work is necessary to clarify the variability of VR MF observed in healthy GPs
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)773-792
Numero di pagine20
RivistaPHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT
Volume2007
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2007

Keywords

  • guinea pig
  • magnetocardiography

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