Longitudinal Cognitive Assessment in Low-Risk Very Preterm Infants

Domenico Marco Romeo, Eugenio Maria Mercuri, Martina Ricci, Federica Mirra, Ilaria Venezia, Maria Mallardi, Elisa Pede

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Preterm infants are at higher risk of neurodevelopmental impairment both at preschool and school ages, even in the absence of major neurological deficits. The early identification of children at risk is essential for early intervention with rehabilitation to optimize potential outcomes during school years. The aim of our study is to assess cognitive outcomes at preschool age in a cohort of low-risk very preterm infants, previously studied at 12 and 24 months using the Griffiths scales. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six low-risk very preterm infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks were assessed at 12 and 24 months corrected age using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (second edition) and at preschool age with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence (third edition) (WPPSI-III). Results: At 12 and 24 months and at preschool age, low-risk very preterm infants showed scores within normal ranges with similar scores in males and females. A statistically significant correlation was observed in the general developmental quotient between 12 and 24 months; a further significant correlation was observed between the early cognitive assessments and those performed at preschool age, with a better correlation using the assessments at 24 months. Conclusion: The present study showed a favourable trajectory of cognitive development in low-risk very preterm infants, from 12 months to preschool age.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)133-136
Numero di pagine4
RivistaMedicina
Volume58
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • Cognitive outcome
  • Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
  • Preterm
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cognition
  • Female
  • Fetal Growth Retardation
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Infant, Premature
  • Low risk

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