Long-term results of hybrid repair techniques for Kommerell's diverticulum

Giovanni Tinelli, Ciro Ferrer, Rocco Giudice, Marco Ferraresi, Gabriele Pogany, Piergiorgio Cao, Yamume Tshomba, C. Montenegro, F. De Nigris, Fabrizio Minelli, S. Sica, C. Coscarella

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

4 Citazioni (Scopus)


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate early and late results of hybrid repair techniques for Kommerell's diverticulum (KD). Methods: All patients who underwent hybrid repair (thoracic endovascular aortic repair + supra-aortic debranching) for KD between 2009 and 2018 were included in this retrospective multicenter study (three Italian centers). A proximal landing zone (PLZ) of at least 2 cm of healthy aorta was considered adequate for the deployment of a standard thoracic stent graft. The early end points were technical success, in-hospital mortality, and cerebrovascular events. Late outcomes included survival, reintervention, and patency of supra-aortic debranching. We used an embryogenetic anomaly based aortic arch classification for PLZ evaluation to identify the most appropriate hybrid adjunct. Results: Sixteen patients with KD were included. According to the aforementioned classification, stent graft deployment was required in six patients (37.5%) in PLZ 0, nine patients (56.3%) in PLZ 1, and one patient (6.3%) in PLZ 2. Technical success was achieved in all patients. One patient (6.3%) died in the hospital because of posterior cerebral hemorrhage after total debranching (PLZ 0). No further cerebrovascular events were observed. One patient (6.3%) had an asymptomatic left subclavian artery-right left subclavian artery bypass occlusion and required early reintervention. The 30-day secondary patency of supra-aortic debranching was 100%. Two type II endoleaks (12.5%) were detected at 1 month through computed tomography angiography. Further transient complications were found in three cases: hemidiaphragm paralysis in one patient and recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis in two patients. At a mean follow-up of 48 months, four patients had died because of nonaortic reasons, and one RCCA-right subclavian artery bypass had lost its patency. None of the patients reported any growth of KD after hybrid repair. Ten patients (62.5%) showed aneurysmal sac shrinkage of at least 5 mm. Conclusions: Hybrid repair is confirmed to be a safe and effective approach for KD. Operative risk is associated primarily with the invasiveness of the hybrid adjunct.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1213-1221
Numero di pagine9
RivistaJournal of Vascular Surgery
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Hybrid repair
  • Kommerell's diverticulum
  • Personalized medicine
  • Thoracic endovascular aortic repair


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