Local/Topical Antibiotics for Peri-Implantitis Treatment: A Systematic Review

Pier Carmine Passarelli, Andrea Netti, Michele Antonio Lopez, Eleonora Favetti Giaquinto, Giuseppe De Rosa, Gianmarco Aureli, Alina Bodnarenko, Piero Papi, Anna Starzyńska, Giorgio Pompa, Antonio D'Addona

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Most studies indicate that the mechanical removal of the bacterial biofilm from the implant surface is the central goal of peri-implantitis therapy. However, controversial results in the treatment of peri-implantitis have led to the consideration of additional strategies that include surgical approaches and chemical adjuvants. Local/topical antibiotics, such as minocycline, azithromycin, tetracycline, amoxicillin, doxycycline, and metronidazole, may improve the efficacy of the definitive treatment of the disease, but the lack of conclusive findings prevents their use in clinical practice. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effect of local/topical antibiotics for peri-implantitis treatment. Randomised controlled studies (RCT) on patients with peri-implantitis and comparing the efficacy of local/topical antibiotics vs. placebo or mechanical debridement were included. A systematic search strategy was carried out using three registered databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus). RoB2 was used to assess risk of bias. Five RCTs were identified (n = 250 patients and 333 implants). Contrast results emerged among the included studies, and a high heterogeneity level was observed. Risk of bias revealed some concerns for three studies out of five, while one study was judged at high risk. Only one study analysed the limitations of its findings. Overall, local antibiotic use can be considered a valid approach in the treatment of peri-implantitis. Therefore, future long-term clinical trials with standardised protocols and antibiotics with similar biological activity profiles should be tested to achieve a valid and definitive conclusion.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1298-N/A
RivistaAntibiotics
Volume10
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • chemical adjuvants
  • clinical practice guidelines
  • local antibiotics
  • minocycline
  • peri-implant mucositis
  • peri-implantitis

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