Levels of S100B protein are higher in mature human milk than in colostrum and milk-formulae milks

Fabrizio Michetti, Diego Gazzolo, Matteo Bruschettini, Mario Lituania, Giovanni Serra, Pierina Santini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

19 Citazioni (Scopus)


BACKGROUND &#38; AIMS: Human milk is believed to contain biological factors involved in the regulation of newborn growth, including brain development. Recently, it has also been shown to contain the calcium-binding S100B protein, regarded as a neurotrophic factor. The present study investigates the concentrations of this protein in colostrum, human milk at different levels of maturation and in milk-formulae. METHODS: Samples for S100B measurements were collected from human colostrum (on day 1 after birth), from transition milk (on post-delivery days 7 and 14) and from mature milk (on day 30 after delivery) in 14 healthy women and from 14 milk-formulae. The S100B protein levels were measured using a commercially available specific immunoluminometric assay. RESULTS: Mean S100B protein levels were significantly higher in mature human milk (117.9+/-36.7 microg/l) than in transition milk at 14 days (106.7+/-38.1 microg/l) and at 7 days (92.7+/-37.8 microg/l), colostrum (74.6+/-37.6 microg/l) or milk-formulae (24.8+/-19.5 microg/l) (P<0.001, for all). A correlation between human milk S100B levels and the gestational age at which samples were obtained was also found (r=0.39; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These findings, possibly related to S100B's neurotrophic role, offers useful information to the investigation of the role of S100B protein in brain maturation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)23-26
Numero di pagine4
RivistaClinical Nutrition
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2004
Pubblicato esternamente


  • Brain maturation
  • Colostrum
  • Human Milk
  • Milk-formulae
  • Newborn
  • S100B protein


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