Left parietal cortex transcranial direct current stimulation enhances gesture processing in corticobasal syndrome

Maria Cotelli, Rosa Manenti, M. Bianchi, M. Cosseddu, M. Cotelli, R. Manenti, M. Brambilla, M. C. Rizzetti, A. Padovani, B. Borroni

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

18 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and purpose: Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is a clinical entity characterized by higher cortical dysfunctions associated with asymmetric onset of levodopa-resistant parkinsonism, dystonia and myoclonus. One of the most typical and distressful features of CBS is limb apraxia, which affects patients in their everyday life. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive procedure of cortical stimulation, which represents a promising tool for cognitive enhancement and neurorehabilitation. The present study investigated whether anodal tDCS over the parietal cortex (PARC), would improve ideomotor upper limb apraxia in CBS patients. Methods: Fourteen patients with possible CBS and upper limb apraxia were enrolled. Each patient underwent two sessions of anodal tDCS (left and right PARC) and one session of placebo tDCS. Ideomotor upper limb apraxia was assessed using the De Renzi ideomotor apraxia test that is performed only on imitation. Results: A significant improvement of the De Renzi ideomotor apraxia test scores (post-stimulation versus pre-stimulation) after active anodal stimulation over the left PARC was observed (χ2=17.6, P=0.0005), whilst no significant effect was noticed after active anodal stimulation over the right PARC (χ2=7.2, P=0.07). A post hoc analysis revealed a selective improvement in the De Renzi ideomotor apraxia score after active anodal stimulation over the left PARC compared with placebo stimulation considering both right (P=0.03) and left upper limbs (P=0.01). Conclusions: These findings indicate that tDCS to the PARC improves the performance of an ideomotor apraxia test in CBS patients and might represent a promising tool for future rehabilitation approaches.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1317-1322
Numero di pagine6
RivistaEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY
Volume22
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Apraxia
  • Corticobasal syndrome
  • tDCS

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Left parietal cortex transcranial direct current stimulation enhances gesture processing in corticobasal syndrome'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo