Lateralization effect in comprehension of emotional facial expression: a comparison between EEG alpha band power and behavioural inhibition (BIS) and activation (BAS) systems

Michela Balconi, Guido Mazza

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

99 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Asymmetry in comprehension of facial expression of emotions was explored in the present study by analysing alpha band variation within the right and left cortical sides. Second, the behavioural activation system (BAS) and behavioural inhibition system (BIS) were considered as an explicative factor to verify the effect of a motivational/emotional variable on alpha activity. A total of 19 participants looked at an ample range of facial expressions of emotions (anger, fear, surprise, disgust, happiness, sadness, and neutral) in random order. The results demonstrated that anterior frontal sites were more active than central and parietal sites in response to facial stimuli. Moreover, right and left side responses varied as a function of emotional types, with an increased right frontal activity for negative, aversive emotions vs an increased left response for positive emotion. Finally, whereas higher BIS participants generated more right hemisphere activation for some negative emotions (such as fear, anger, surprise, and disgust), BAS participants were more responsive to positive emotion (happiness) within the left hemisphere. Motivational significance of facial expressions was considered to elucidate cortical differences in participants' responses to emotional types.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)361-384
Numero di pagine24
RivistaLATERALITY
Volume15
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Emotion
  • Face
  • Frequency band analysis
  • Hemispheric differences

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