Late patency of reconstructed visceral arteries after open repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm

Andrea Kahlberg, Angela Maria Rosaria Ferrante, Riccardo Miloro, Daniele Mascia, Luca Bertoglio, Domenico Baccellieri, Germano Melissano, Roberto Chiesa

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

4 Citazioni (Scopus)


Background: In the era of rising endovascular treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs), the analysis of visceral vessel (VV) patency after open surgical repair is crucial to provide a future benchmark between these different approaches. This study reports the late outcomes of a single-center experience with open TAAA repair, focusing on the results of different techniques adopted for renal and splanchnic revascularization. Methods: Data were analyzed for 382 consecutive open TAAA repairs performed between January 2009 and July 2015 (284 men; mean age, 66 ± 10 years). Follow-up of surviving patients was carried out by computed tomography angiography and office checkups at 3 and 12 months and yearly afterward. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed for overall survival, patency of reconstructed VVs (celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, right renal artery, left renal artery), and reinterventions on visceral arteries. Furthermore, VV long-term patency was analyzed in subgroups of patients according to the revascularization strategy (patch inclusion of all vessels, group 1; one-vessel separate reattachment and patch inclusion of the remaining vessels, group 2; separate reattachment of all VVs, group 3). Results: In-hospital mortality and paraparesis/paraplegia occurred in 7.6% and 8.1% of patients, respectively. Among the 353 survivors, 338 complied with the follow-up protocol, and adequate computed tomography angiography images were available in 247 patients (952 VVs were analyzed). Overall follow-up survival was 94%, 91%, and 70% at 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years, respectively. At the same time points, VV patency was 99%, 98%, and 98% for celiac trunk; 100%, 100%, and 100% for superior mesenteric artery; 100%, 96%, and 96% for right renal artery; and 91%, 87%, and 82% for left renal artery (log-rank test, P < .0001). Estimates for reinterventions on VVs were 1.2%, 6.3%, and 17% at the same time points. Freedom from occlusion of any VV at 1 year and 3 years was 95% and 87% for group 1, 89% and 79% for group 2, and 92% and 92% for group 3, respectively (log-rank test, P = .13). Conclusions: Long-term patency of VVs after open TAAA repair performed in high-volume centers is high, regardless of the technique employed for revascularization. The left renal artery appears to be most prone to occlusion over time.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1017-1024
Numero di pagine8
RivistaJournal of Vascular Surgery
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018


  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery


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