The aim of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different modifications of the trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) repair of groin hernia. Data were collected prospectively for all consecutive patients who underwent TAPP unilateral inguinal hernia repair between November 2017 and March 2019, and who completed a minimum of 1 year of follow-up. Costs and quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained were collected. Three TAPP variations were assessed: mesh fixation and peritoneal closure with staples (group 1); mesh fixation with fibrin glue and peritoneal closure with sutures (group 2); and mesh fixation and peritoneal closure with fibrin glue (group 3). A matched group of open repairs was established. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) and main intra-operative and post-operative outcomes were assessed. Overall 120 patients were included (group 1 n = 31; group 2 n = 27; group 3 n = 33; open group: 29). Operative time was shorter for groups 2 and 3, and the main post-operative outcomes were similar. The overall mean total cost of the open group (1185.95€) was lower compared with the laparoscopic group (group 1: 1682.39; group 2: 1538.54€; group 3: 1510.1€) (p = 0.026). However, the mean ICERs of groups 2 and 3 were significantly higher compared with group 1 (p = 0.021) and the open group (p = 0.032). At simulations analysis, the probability of cost-effectiveness was 33.32%, 36.26%, and 36.7% in TAPP groups 1, 2, and 3. In the long term, laparoscopic repair of groin hernia is cost-effective compared with open surgery. The use of fibrin glue for mesh fixation and/or for closing the peritoneum is the most cost-effective option and shortens operative times.
- Fibrin glue
- Inguinal hernia