Abstract

Since the end of World War II, philosophy and sociology of science have progressively stressed the non-neutral character of scientific knowledge and the social connotation of the scientific community. They have also questioned the fact that, as it takes on a tangible shape in laboratories, industries and institutions, science is a special kind of knowledge. Oddly enough, legal scholars have continued to have a more traditionally positivist vision of science. Starting with the origins of modern thought, the philosophical-political and legal disciplines saw the statute of science as having bases of neutrality and objectivity, which appeared irremediably lacking in political and legal systems. From the logical constructions of legal scholars to the political use which conceptions of a liberal matrix have made of the ideal of the ‘republic of science’ - the level of democracy intrinsic to the scientific community - the preferential possibility which scientific method has offered social sciences to emancipate themselves from value judgements and subjective opinions has been widely explored.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] The birth of contemporary science policy.
Lingua originaleItalian
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteTrattato di Biodiritto, Volume primo: Ambito e fonti del biodiritto
EditorStefano Rodotà, MARIACHIARA TALLACCHINI
Pagine53-77
Numero di pagine25
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Keywords

  • Europa
  • Stati Uniti
  • politiche della scienza
  • science and democracy
  • science policy
  • scienza e democrazia

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