La legge n. 219/2017 su consenso informato e disposizioni anticipate di trattamento: il problema e le risposte della legge

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

he Author addresses the new Italian Law regarding informed consent and advanced directives and the main issues raised. Firstly, the author stresses the gen- eral idea that the Law provides an answer to the question deriving from the perva- sive presence of techniques in medical treatments. From this point of view, informed consent can be thought of as a means for adapting the treatment to the person in line with the principle of respect for the person (Art. 32 of the Italian Constitution) and thus avoiding a sense of imprisonment. Respect for the person implies a special care and not indifference, so that consent implies the due engagement of the person in the decision process as the very etymology of the word con-sent suggests. Respect for a per- son certainly means respect for his or her autonomy, but the former concept does not correspond necessarily with the latter, especially if autonomy is not interpreted within a framework of solidarity. Informed consent also implies a new conceptual frame of reference, in which arrangements between patients and physicians must be fully under- stood. In fact, they are different from a contract and require a new thinking. Regarding the role of physicians, the author points out that the Law avoids rendering physicians mere executors of orders and that the reference to the deontological code must be taken seriously. Concerning advanced directives, their bindingness and the role of the proxy are evaluated as well as the questions relating to surrogate decisions and advanced care planning. Finally, some remarks are addressed to the decision making process when treatments of minors are at issue.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] Law no. 219/2017 on informed consent and advance processing provisions: the problem and the answers of the law
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)57-80
Numero di pagine24
RivistaTEORIA E CRITICA DELLA REGOLAZIONE SOCIALE
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Advance directives
  • Consenso informato
  • Direttive anticipate
  • Informed consent
  • Procura
  • Proxy
  • Revoca
  • Therapeutic arrangements
  • Trattamenti terapeutici
  • Withdrawal

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