Italian translation and cultural adaptation of the Agitated Behavior Scale (ABS-I) in patients with acquired brain injuries

Chiara-Camilla Derchi, Pietro Arcuri, Angela Comanducci, Antonio Caronni, Chiara Pagliari, Alessandro Viganò, Eleonora Volpato, Jorge Navarro, Pietro Davide Trimarchi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


Objective: The objective of this study was to produce a cross-cultural adaptation in Italian of the Agitated Behavior Scale (ABS), originally developed in English, as the first of two stages that also include cross-cultural validation and allow a clinical scale to be used in the proper setting such as rehabilitation units. Methods: In order to adapt the ABS scale to a different cultural environment, five consecutive steps were performed: (1) forward translations (n = 8), (2) synthesis of the 8 forward translations to obtain a first shared italian version (ABS_I_trial), (3) back translations (n = 3), (4) creation of an expert committee to evaluate forward and back translations and finally (5) the cognitive debriefing. Results: After the five steps, including forward translations and back translations, the process of committee verification and judgement and the evaluative step of cognitive debriefing, high comprehensibility of all items was found, resulting in an Italian translation version of ABS suitable for application in a clinical setting. Conclusion: ABS translation was produced by means of a standardized procedure aimed at minimizing cross-cultural gaps. The expert committee evaluated the version produced as highly understandable in Italian. Further steps, such as the subsequent validation of its psychometric properties, are needed to employ this translation in a clinical setting.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-4
Numero di pagine4
RivistaJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2024


  • Acquired brain injuries
  • Agitation Behavior Scale
  • Cross-cultural adaptation
  • PTA
  • PTCS
  • Rehabilitation


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