Italian multi-society modified Delphi consensus on the definition and management of anastomotic leakage in colorectal surgery

Antonino Spinelli, Adriano Spinelli, Gabriele Anania, Alberto Arezzo, Stefano Berti, Francesco Bianco, Flaviana Bianco, Paolo Pietro Bianchi, Maurizio De Giuli, Paola De Nardi, Paolo De Paolis, Caterina Foppa, Mario Guerrieri, Maria Chiara Guerrieri, Pierluigi Marini, Roberto Persiani, Diego Piazza, Gilberto Poggioli, Salvatore Pucciarelli, Domenico D'UgoAdolfo Renzi, Anna Gloria Renzi, Francesco Selvaggi, Gianfranco Silecchia, Marco Montorsi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)


Introduction: The incidence of anastomotic leak (AL) has not decreased over the past decades and some important grey areas remain in its definition, prevention, and management. The aim of this study was to reach a national consensus on the definition of AL and to identify key points to be applied in clinical practice. Methods: A 3-step modified Delphi method was used to establish consensus. Ten representative members of the major Italian surgical scientific societies with proven colorectal expertise were selected after a call to action. After a comprehensive literature search, each expert drew a list of evidence-based statements which were voted in round one by the scientific board. Panel members were asked to mark “totally disagree”, “partially agree” or “totally agree” for each statement and provide comments. The same voting method was used for round 2. Round 3 consisted of a final face-to-face meeting. Results: Thirty-three statements (clustered into 14 topics) were included in round 1. Following the third voting round, a final list of 16 items was formulated, which encompass the following 9 topics: AL definition, patient- and operative-related risk factors, prevention measures, bowel preparation, surgical technique, intraoperative assessment, early diagnosis, radiological diagnosis and management of specific patterns of AL. The overall response rate was 100% for all items in all the three rounds. Conclusions: This Delphi survey identified items that expert colorectal surgeons agreed were important to be applied in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of AL. This represents the first consensus involving all relevant national scientific societies, defining important and shared concepts in the diagnosis and management of AL.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)781-792
Numero di pagine12
RivistaUpdates in Surgery
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Anastomotic Leak
  • Anastomotic leakage
  • Colorectal Surgery
  • Colorectal surgery
  • Consensus
  • Definition
  • Delphi
  • Delphi Technique
  • Digestive System Surgical Procedures
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Management
  • Societies, Medical


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