Is there a gender gap in Italian radiology? A cross-sectional study.

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Abstract

tBackground: Although the number of women entering the medical profession has increased, this has notled to an even distribution in all branches of medicine. In countries where the health service is mainlyprivate, there are still fewer female radiologists, especially at managerial level. The aim of this paper isto make a comparison of work-related stress, satisfaction and perceived organizational justice in maleand female radiologists in Italy.Methods: Italian radiologists were asked to answer an anonymous questionnaire during two successivenational radiology Congresses.Results: Women reported a psychophysical workload that was the same as that of their male colleagues,but claimed that they had less control over their work, made a greater effort to fulfill job requirements,were more over-committed in their work and received fewer rewards for the work performed thantheir male colleagues. On account of the lack of procedural, distributive and informative justice, womenradiologists perceived the work environment as significantly less fair compared to their male colleagues.Moreover, they derived less satisfaction from their job. They suffered from anxiety, depression and minorpsychiatric disorders to a greater extent than their male counterparts.Conclusion: Despite the significant number of women radiologists in Italy, the gender gap still exists andcan be witnessed in horizontal and vertical segregation. Policies should be introduced to contrast genderbias
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)502-507
Numero di pagine6
RivistaEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume82
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • Gender gap, Radiology, Stress, Organizational justice, Anxiety, Depression, Mental health, Job satisfaction, Happiness

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