BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a transmembrane efflux pump that actively extrude a variety of unrelated drugs from cancer cells, leading to the so-called multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomenon. However, P-gp has also been found in normal bone marrow and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Recently, the presence of P-glycoprotein in PBMC from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has also been investigated and a phenotype-associated P-gp expression has been detected. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of thirty-eight HIV-1 positive patients with a mean age of 34 years (range, 24-41 years) were studied after an informed consent. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated by centrifugation on a Ficoll/Hypaque and P-glycoprotein expression was investigated on lymphocyte population by single and double-color immunofluorescence techniques. We investigated: i) both surface and intracellular expression of the P-gp molecule in different PBMC subsets, ii) P-gp expression modifications occurring during HIV infection, and iii) the effect of HIV-gp120 on the expression of P-gp by T lymphocyte subsets from healthy donors. RESULTS: Our experimental findings indicate that: a) P-gp glycoprotein can be detected on an intracellular level in different PBMC subpopulations (mainly CD8+ T lymphocytes, CD16+ NK cells and CD14+ monocytes); b) this intracellular expression is decreased in specific PBMC subsets (i.e. T-CD8+ and NK-CD16+) from HIV-infected patients and c) a rearrangement was obtained when CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes from healthy donors were exposed in vitro to the HIV-binding glycoprotein gp120. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that P-gp glycoprotein can also be expressed intracellularly and can be rearranged in PBMC subsets from HIV-infected patients.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 1998|
- p-170 glycoprotein