Intra-annual pattern of photosynthesis, growth and stable isotope partitioning in a poplar clone subjected to ozone and water stress

Riccardo Marzuoli, Giacomo Alessandro Gerosa, Martina Pollastrini, Rosanna Desotgiu, Federica Camin, Luca Ziller, Filippo Bussotti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

An experiment in open-top chambers was carried out in summer 2008 in Curno (northern Italy) in order to study the effects of ozone and drought stress on net photosynthesis, growth and stable isotope partitioning on cuttings of an ozone-sensitive poplar clone (Oxford). The biomass (as dry weight) of stems, leaves and roots was assessed five times during the growing season on a set of plants intended for destructive measurements (set 1). Another set of plants (set 2) was used for repeated measurements (net photosynthesis) and then destroyed at the end of the experiment. The dry weight of the stems in set 1 plants was calculated using allometric relations. The results showed that drought stress had a strong effect on all the parameters assessed. Ozone did not have any effect on biomass allocation in woody stems and stable isotope composition but reduced root/shoot ratios and caused loss of leaves during the growing season. The loss of leaves in the lower part of the crown was partly recovered with the emission of new young leaves in the upper part, thus restoring the overall photosynthetic apparatus. We conclude that the metabolic costs suffered to repair damage and support growth, and the reduction in starch reserves in the roots can compromise growth and the capacity to cope with stress factors in subsequent years. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
Numero di pagine11
RivistaWATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION
Volume224
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Carbon allocation
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Leaf demography
  • Pollution
  • Root/shoot ratio
  • Water Science and Technology

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