Interoceptive attentiveness and autonomic reactivity in pain observation

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Abstract

Aim: This study explores interoceptive attentiveness (IA) influence on autonomic reactivity related to pain and self-regulation during situations evoking physiological mirroring for pain. Methods: 20 participants observed face/hand, painful/non-painful stimuli in an individual versus social condition while the autonomic response was measured [Electrodermal activity, Pulse Volume Amplitude (PVA), and Heart Rate (HR)] was measured. The sample was divided into experimental (EXP) subjects, required to focus on their interoceptive correlates while observing the stimuli, and the control (CNT) group. HR inter-beat interval (IBI), and HR Variability (HRV) were calculated. Results: Results showed high accuracy to painful and non-painful stimuli recognition. Regarding autonomic indices, higher PVA values were detected for hand painful versus non-painful stimuli, whereas for the EXP group a significant activation of IBI was found for face painful vs non-painful stimuli. Conclusion: In the context of observation of pain in others, PVA and IBI could be respectively markers of mirroring mechanisms and autonomic self-regulation mediated by IA.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)81-89
Numero di pagine9
RivistaSOMATOSENSORY & MOTOR RESEARCH
Volume39
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • IBI
  • Interoceptive attentiveness
  • pain observation
  • autonomic reactivity
  • face
  • PVA

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