Bis-(3'-5')-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) belongs to the class of cyclic dinucleotides, key carriers of cellular information in prokaryotic and eukaryotic signal transduction pathways. In bacteria, the intracellular levels of c-di-GMP and their complex physiological outputs are dynamically regulated by environmental and internal stimuli, which control the antagonistic activities of diguanylate cyclases (DGCs) and c-di-GMP specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Allostery is one of the major modulators of the c-di-GMP-dependent response. Both the c-di-GMP molecule and the proteins interacting with this second messenger are characterized by an extraordinary structural plasticity, which has to be taken into account when defining and possibly predicting c-di-GMP-related processes. Here, we report a structure-function relationship study on the catalytic portion of the PA0575 protein from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bearing both putative DGC and PDE domains. The kinetic and structural studies indicate that the GGDEF-EAL portion is a GTP-dependent PDE. Moreover, the crystal structure confirms the high degree of conformational flexibility of this module. We combined structural analysis and protein engineering studies to propose the possible molecular mechanism guiding the nucleotide-dependent allosteric control of catalysis; we propose that the role exerted by GTP via the GGDEF domain is to allow the two EAL domains to form a dimer, the species competent to enter PDE catalysis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- hybrid protein