Insertion of a myc-tag within alpha-dystroglycan domains improves its biochemical and microscopic detection

Manuela Bozzi, Simona Morlacchi, Maria Giulia Bigotti, Bruno Giardina, Andrea Brancaccio, Francesca Sciandra, Wolfgang Hubner, Antonio Galtieri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Background: Epitope tags and fluorescent fusion proteins have become indispensable molecular tools for studies in the fields of biochemistry and cell biology. The knowledge collected on the subdomain organization of the two subunits of the adhesion complex dystroglycan (DG) enabled us to insert the 10 amino acids myc-tag at different locations along the α-subunit, in order to better visualize and investigate the DG complex in eukaryotic cells. Results: We have generated two forms of DG polypeptides via the insertion of the myc-tag 1) within a flexible loop (between a.a. 170 and 171) that separates two autonomous subdomains, and 2) within the C-terminal domain in position 500. Their analysis showed that double-tagging (the β-subunit is linked to GFP) does not significantly interfere with the correct processing of the DG precursor (pre-DG) and confirmed that the α-DG N-terminal domain is processed in the cell before α-DG reaches its plasma membrane localization. In addition, myc insertion in position 500, right before the second Ig-like domain of α-DG, proved to be an efficient tool for the detection and pulling-down of glycosylated α-DG molecules targeted at the membrane. Conclusions: Further characterization of these and other myc-permissive site(s) will represent a valid support for the study of the maturation process of pre-DG and could result in the creation of a new class of intrinsic doubly-fluorescent DG molecules that would allow the monitoring of the two DG subunits, or of pre-DG, in cells without the need of antibodies.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)14-21
Numero di pagine8
RivistaBMC Biochemistry
Volume2012
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012

Keywords

  • dystroglycan

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