Inhibition of interleukin-1 by canakinumab as a successful mono-drug strategy for the treatment of refractory Behçet’s disease: a case series

Donato Rigante, Antonio Vitale, Francesco Caso, Maria Giuseppina Brizi, Mauro Galeazzi, Luisa Costa, Rossella Franceschini, Orso Maria Lucherini, Luca Cantarini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

62 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Recommendations related to ocular, mucosal and cutaneous involvement of Behçet's disease (BD) are mainly evidence-based, but in cases of vascular, neurological and gastrointestinal involvement there are no guidelines to define the best treatment strategy. We report three adult patients with BD, who received an interleukin-1β inhibitor by subcutaneous injections, canakinumab (at the dosage of 150 mg every 6 weeks), after failure shown by corticosteroids and different combinations of immunosuppressant agents. The prompt and sustained clinical efficacy demonstrated by canakinumab as a monotherapy supports the opportunity of using this specific anti-interleukin-1β agent as a valid therapeutic option for resistant or refractory BD. Open trials and observational studies should be performed to test canakinumab efficacy on a larger number of patients. The most appropriate dosage and intervals between administrations should be decided according to the individual patient, severity or recurrence of clinical manifestations and major organ involvement.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)211-214
Numero di pagine4
RivistaDermatology
Volume228(3)
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • Behçet's disease
  • Canakinumab

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