Influence of Previous Disease-Modifying Drug Exposure on T-Lymphocyte Dynamic in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis Treated With Ocrelizumab

Matteo Lucchini, Massimiliano Mirabella, Doriana Landi, Alfonso Grimaldi, Francesca Bovis, Marta Ponzano, Roberta Fantozzi, Fabio Buttari, Elisabetta Signoriello, Giacomo Lus, Maria Cellerino, Matilde Inglese, Gaia Cola, Carolina Gabri Nicoletti, Giorgia Mataluni, Diego Centonze, Girolama Alessandra Marfia

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Background and Objectives To investigate the longitudinal dynamic of lymphocyte subsets during treatment with ocrelizumab (OCR) in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Methods A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in 161 PwMS starting treatment with OCR grouped in naive (naive, n = 40), switching from fingolimod (FTY, n = 52), and switching from other immunomodulating drugs (other, n = 69). Mean lymphocyte subset (total, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, and natural killer) counts were analyzed at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Rate of lymphocytopenia for each subset was calculated at all time points in all groups. Results Mean total, CD3+, and CD4+ counts were significantly different among groups (p < 0.001) at all time points, whereas CD8+ and CD20+ counts only at baseline (p = 0.0157; p < 0.001), consistently lower in FTY. After adjustment for baseline values, interaction time*group was not statistically significant (p > 0.05 for each subset). The odds of lymphopenia were significantly higher among FTY patients compared with naive for total, CD3+, CD4+, and CD20+ cells at baseline, for total and CD4+ cells at the sixth month, and for total cells at the 12th month. Discussion OCR per se exerts a modest depleting effect on T cells that seems rather due to a carryover phenomenon of previous therapies, particularly FTY. These data may help in the overall evaluation of the risk/benefit profile of treatment sequencing.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)e1157-N/A
Numero di pagine9
RivistaNEUROLOGY® NEUROIMMUNOLOGY &amp; NEUROINFLAMMATION
Volume9
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • multiple sclerosis, ocrelizumab, lymphocytes

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