Influence of energy cost and physical fitness on the preferred walking speed and gait variability in elderly women

Christel Galvani, Matteo Zago, Chiarella Sforza

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Typically gait speed decreases and gait variability increases in elderly. The aim of this study was to define the influence of energy cost of walking on gait speed and of health-related physical fitness on gait variability. Thirty healthy young and older women were recruited in the study. Energy cost of walking (Net CW ) was analyzed with indirect calorimetry while a kinematic analysis was performed with an optoelectronic system to calculate gait variability (GV) during treadmill walking at different speeds. Gait speed was defined as the preferred walking speed (PWS) of the subject and health related physical fitness (HRPF) comprised body fat, strength, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory fitness. In healthy elderly women, the coefficient of variation of step width was found to be a better indicator of GV than stride time, stride length and double support coefficients of variation. GV was not affected by age allowing a high PWS. Furthermore, significant associations, adjusted for age, body mass index and number of falls, were identified neither between Net CW and the PWS, nor between HRPF and GV; only a significant association was found between hand-grip strength and gait stability. Findings highlighted the importance to evaluate hand-grip strength as an indicator of gait efficiency.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-6
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Biophysics
  • Energy cost
  • Gait variability
  • Neurology (clinical)
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Older adults
  • Physical fitness
  • Preferred walking speed

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