Unfavourable cardiac remodelling often complicates acute myocardial infarction (AMI) as a result of increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis. It is currently unclear whether ongoing or recurrent ischaemia is an independent determinant for increased apoptosis in peri-infarct viable myocardium.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
In order to assess the link between infarct-related artery (IRA) occlusion, ischaemia, and apoptosis, 30 subjects dying 7-120 days after AMI (16 with IRA occlusion and 14 with patent IRA) and five control subjects were selected at autopsy. Cardiomyocytes were defined as apoptotic if co-expressing TUNEL and activated caspase-3. Expression of both hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and cyclo-oxygenase-2 was assessed in the peri-infarct myocardium and considered as tissue markers of ischaemia. Evidence of ischaemia was significantly more frequent in cases with IRA occlusion (53%) than in cases with patent IRA (15%) or control hearts (0%, P=0.026). The finding of IRA occlusion and markers of ischaemia identified cases with higher apoptotic rates (ARs) in the peri-infarct viable myocardium [12.2% (8.2-14.0), P<0.001 vs. others], whereas IRA occlusion without ischaemia was associated with lower AR, not significantly different from patent IRA [3.0% (1.0-7.9) vs. 2.2% (1.0-5.8), respectively, P=0.42]
Ischaemia in the peri-infarct viable myocardium is present in over 50% of subjects dying late after AMI with IRA occlusion, and it is associated with increased apoptosis. Relief of ischaemia after AMI may prove of benefit in preventing apoptosis and its consequences.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Rivista||European Heart Journal|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2005|
- infarct myocardium