Incidence and predictors of textbook outcome after simultaneous liver and rectal surgeries for Stage IV rectal cancer

Nadia Russolillo, Valentina Gentile, Francesca Ratti, Francesco Ardito, Matteo Serenari, Raffaele Lombardi, Elio Jovine, Matteo Cescon, Felice Giuliante, Luca Aldrighetti, Alessandro Ferrero

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review


Aim: Textbook outcome (TO) is a new surgical quality measure that combines structure, process and surgical outcomes into a single element. Our study aimed to determine the incidence of TO after simultaneous rectal and liver surgery and to use the achievement of TO as a tool to identify the best candidates for these complex procedures. Methods: In total, 256 patients who underwent simultaneous liver and rectal surgery for Stage IV rectal cancer between January 2004 and August 2019 at five tertiary centres were enrolled. TO was defined as a lack of complication, prolonged length of stay, readmission and death. Results: Mortality rate at 90 days and major morbidity rate were 2.3% and 15.6%, respectively. An overall TO was achieved in 59% of the patients, which is associated with significantly improved overall (median TO 86.3 months vs. no TO 37.4 months) and disease-free (median TO 70.6 months vs. no TO 24.9 months) survival. On multivariate analysis the presence of multi-comorbidities (OR 3.073) was associated with a reduced likelihood of achieving TO. Left lateral sectionectomy/limited resection was a protective factor (OR 0.416). Conclusion: TO was achieved in six of 10 patients undergoing simultaneous resections for rectal cancer and liver metastases. Achieving a TO is strongly associated with improved long-term survival. The best candidates for these procedures were patients without multiple comorbidities and those treated with left lateral sectionectomy/limited resection.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)50-58
Numero di pagine9
RivistaColorectal Disease
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021


  • liver resection
  • rectal cancer
  • simultaneous rectal and liver surgery
  • synchronous liver metastases
  • textbook outcome


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