In vitro cardiomyocyte differentiation of umbilical cord blood cells: crucial role for c-kit(+) cells

Maria Vittoria Podda, Luciana Teofili, Maria Grazia Iachininoto, Caterina Giovanna Valentini, Maria Bianchi, Antonio Maria Leone, Giuseppe Leone

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AIMS: Although bone marrow c-kit(+) progenitor cells support myocardial regeneration, the cardiomyocyte differentiation potential of umbilical cord blood (UCB) c-kit(+) cells is unknown. METHODS: UCB mononuclear cells (MNCs) and c-kit(+) cells purified by use of immunomagnetic beads were used. Cardiomyocyte differentiation was induced with (i) α-minimum essential medium (MEM) with cyclosporine A, (ii) α-MEM with bone morphogenic protein 4 (BMP-4) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) or (iii) MEM with dexamethasone. The expression of cardiac markers (GATA4, GATA6, β-myosin heavy chain, α-sarcomeric actin and cardiac Troponin T) was investigated, and whole-cell current and voltage-clamp recordings were performed. RESULTS: Although c-kit(+) cells revealed an immature gene profile, with high expression of CD34, CD133, aldehyde dehydrogenase-A1 and c-myc RNAs, purified c-kit(+) cells did not succeed in differentiating into cardiomyocyte-like cells in culture. In contrast, MNCs (either in α-MEM plus cyclosporine A or in α-MEM plus BMP-4 and TGF-β) produced large, adherent cells expressing several cardiac genes and exhibiting an excitable phenotype. Cardiomyocyte-like cell formation was prevented by removing the c-kit(+) cell fraction from MNCs. Furthermore, after co-culturing carboxyfluorescein diacetate succynimidyl ester (CFSE)-tracked c-kit(+) cells together with c-kit(-) cells, we found that cardiac Troponin T--expressing cells were also CFSE(+). CONCLUSIONS: We show that UCB contains progenitors endowed with differentiation potential into cardiomyocytes: these cells reside in the c-kit(+) fraction and require the presence of abundant accessory cells to accomplish the differentiation. These preliminary observations provide the basis for consider the storage of autologous UCB in patients with prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart diseases potentially amenable by myocardial regenerative approaches.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1627-1637
Numero di pagine11
RivistaCytotherapy
Volume2015
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • cardiomyocytes
  • ion channels
  • stem cells
  • umbilical cord blood

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