Improving communication toward ICU families to facilitate understanding and reduce stress. Protocol for a multicenter randomized and controlled Italian study

Silvia Maria Pulitano', Giorgio Conti, Maria Grazia Bocci, Giovanni Mistraletti, Andrea Mezzetti, Stefania Anania, Silvia Del Negro, Gian Domenico Giusti, Alessio Gili, Emanuele Iacobone

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

3 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Families of ICU patients have a pressing need for information: they find themselves suddenly in a complex technical environment often because of a life-threatening illness of a loved one. Some evidence suggests that specific communication tools (like websites or brochures) could improve the experience of ICU families. Design: Randomized, multicenter, stepped wedge trial for large-scale assessment of the effectiveness of a multitasking intervention to improve communication with families of critically ill patients. Main outcome: correct understanding of the prognosis. Secondary outcomes: correct understanding of medical treatments, prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms in the first ICU week. Prevalence of PTSD 6 months from ICU discharge. Empathy and burnout among ICU staff. Prevalence of refusals for tissues/organ donation, and medical claims. Subjects: 2100 ICU relatives of critically ill patients. Interventions: The intervention employs specific tools especially designed to raise the correctness of information and to improve the quality of communication: a website presenting the ICU world and justifying the relatives' emotions, with a webpage specifically dedicated to each participating ICU; a standard brochure; eight posters for the families' waiting room and a signboard for the ICU door. Measurements and main results: The study plans to assess these materials in up to 300 Italian ICUs that will participate, according to a five waves program, each one with randomized starting order. This way the effect of the intervention will be evaluated simultaneously. Conclusion: This is an educational study, aiming to spread good medical practices, while also verifying their real effectiveness in a large number of ICUs. Trial registration number: NCT03438175.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)105847--
RivistaContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume86
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • Communication
  • Professional-family relations
  • Information dissemination
  • Intensive care units
  • Family health

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