although it was demonstrated that a-1,3 galactosyltransferase knock out (gal-ko)
pig organs transplanted into primates were protected from hyperacute rejection,
hCd55 expression in donors is considered necessary to protect cells and tissues from
complement-mediated damage. to provide sufﬁcient number of cloned transgenic
animals with high expression of Cd55 for xenotransplantation, we combined
intensive screening of colonies (iCC and wb) with somatic cell nuclear transfer (sCnt).
an outbred gal-ko male minipig line was established and nucleofected with a
strong ubiquitous expression vector (pCaggs-hCd55). Hygromicine resistant clones (n=10) were selected for hCd55 expression (wb, iCC) using the mab ia10 (bdpharmingen). the 8 best clones were used for sCnt - 4 clones/experiment. in total 899 morula and blastocysts d6 were transferred into 11 synchronized sows: 7
became pregnant (64%); 4 went to term, 1 aborted and 2 are ongoing. twenty
nine piglets were born (15 alive and 14 stillborn) and 12 were live at 7 th day
(80%). at birth umbilical cord samples (uCs) from cloned animals were used for
phenotypic (wb, iCC) and genotypic characterizations (pCr and southern blot). wb detected the hCd55 expression in every uCs and tissue from stillborn pigs (n = 7).
iCC conﬁrmed high level of hCd55 expression in primary ﬁbroblasts (n=5 ), kidney cells (n=7 ) and on paeC (n=5). after southern blot new 4 different hCd55/a1,3- galko minipig cell lines were identiﬁed. thus the selection of the ﬁbroblasts prior to sCnt is very effective to ensure the desired expression in the animals, moreover pooling of 4 different clonal ﬁbroblasts increased the birth rate since only 4 out of the 8 clones generated offsprings
- transgenic pig