Impaired primary hemostasis with normal platelet function in Duchenne muscular dystrophy during highly-invasive spinal surgery

Bianca Rocca, Raimondo De Cristofaro, F Turturro, S Gumina, F Mangiola, N Maggiano, A Evangelista, V Salsano, A. Montanaro

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

25 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

A defective, normal or enhanced hemostasis has been reported in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). A retrospective analysis of intra-and postoperative (up to 36 h) estimated blood losses was performed in 156 patients undergoing spinal surgery for: DMD (n = 31), idiopathic scoliosis (IS) (n = 70), poliomyelitis (n = 10), cerebral palsy (CP) (n = 28), spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) (n = 17). Platelet aggregation and bleeding times were also investigated in DMD patients. Immunohistochemistry for dystrophin was performed in platelets, megakaryocytes and blood vessels of normal tissues. DMD patients showed significantly higher intraoperative estimated blood losses (DMD: 3495+/-890 ml; IS: 2269+/-804 ml; poliomyelitis: 2582+/-1252 ml; CP: 2071+/-683 ml; SMA: 2464+/-806 ml; P < 0.05), while postoperative blood losses were similar among different groups. Higher estimated blood losses in DMD were independent of the duration of surgery, body weight, gender, age, vertebral levels or preoperative Cobb angle. DMD children had significantly prolonged bleeding times, but retained normal platelet function. From control samples dystrophin was expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells, but not in platelets. DMD appears to be characterized by immediate bleeding during highly-invasive surgery and increased bleeding time without platelet abnormalities. Considering dystrophin expression in normal vascular smooth muscle cells, these results altogether suggest a selective defect of primary hemostasis in DMD, likely to be due to impaired vessel reactivity.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)532-540
Numero di pagine9
RivistaNeuromuscular Disorders
Volume15
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2005

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bleeding Time
  • Blood Loss, Surgical
  • Blood Platelets
  • Blood Vessels
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Child
  • Dystrophin
  • Female
  • Hemostasis
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Intraoperative Period
  • Male
  • Megakaryocytes
  • Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
  • Platelet Aggregation
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Scoliosis
  • Spinal Cord
  • Time Factors

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