Impact of several pre-treatments on the extraction of phenolic compounds in winegrape varieties with different anthocyanin profiles and skin mechanical properties.

Milena Lambri, Roberta Dordoni, Fabrizio Torchio, Vincenzo Gerbi, Susana Río Segade, Simone Giacosa, Davide Ricauda Aimonino, Paolo Gay, Luca Rolle

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

22 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was performed to evaluate and compare the effects of different pre-treatments of whole grape berries (freezing with dry ice or in a cold room, steam blanching with different exposure times, and microwave heating with different exposure times and microwave power density) on total content of some phenolic compounds and the composition of individual anthocyanins released into the pulp during the treatment and those extracted during the maceration step. Two red winegrape varieties with different proportions of di- and trisubstituted anthocyanins were used (Nebbiolo and Barbera, respectively). Pulpextracted anthocyanins were more significantly influenced by the pre-treatment. The results highlighted that freezing with dry ice, followed by freezing in a cold room and steam blanching for 5 min, have a great potential from an industrial point of view. They facilitated the extraction of anthocyanins in the must prior to maceration, when compared with the control samples, increasing their total content (+37.8-83.6%), and modifying the anthocyanin profile through the enrichment in the most stable compounds (+2.8-6.6% malvidin derivatives) to the detriment of others more prone to oxidation (-0.8-11.0% cyanidin derivatives). In Nebbiolo winegrapes, an improved extraction of low- and high-molecular weight flavanols into the pulp was also observed (+60.4-73.4%). Significant relationships between the phenolic composition of treated berries and the corresponding skin mechanical properties were also studied, but they were variety dependent. Discriminant analysis permitted a correct classification of the samples according to the variety and pre-treatment.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)8437-8451
Numero di pagine15
RivistaJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume62
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • anthocyanins
  • dry ice
  • flavanols
  • grape pre-treatments
  • microwave
  • skin mechanical properties

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