Background: ERAS implementation improved outcomes in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. The process of incorporating this pathway in clinical practice may be challenging. This observational study investigated the impact of systematic ERAS implementation on surgical outcomes in patients undergoing colorectal resections in a regional network of 10 institutions. Methods: Implementation of ERAS pathway was designed using regular audits and a common protocol. All patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery between 2016 and 2017 were considered eligible. A collective database including 18 ERAS items, clinical and surgical data, and outcomes was designed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed for the following outcomes: morbidity, anastomotic leak, reinterventions, hospital stay, and readmissions. Results: A total of 827 patients were included, and a mean of 11.3 ERAS items applied/patient was reported. Logistic regression indicated that an increased number of ERAS items applied reduced overall and severe morbidity (OR 0.86 and 0.87, respectively 95%CI 0.8197–0.9202 and 95%CI 0.7821–0.9603), hospitalization (OR 0.53 95%CI 0.4917–0.5845) and reinterventions (OR 0.84 95%CI 0.7536–0.9518) in the entire series. The same results were obtained for a prolonged hospitalization differentiating right-sided (OR 0.48 95%CI 0.4036–0.5801), left-sided (OR 0.48 95%CI 0.3984–0.5815), and rectal resections (OR 0.46 95%CI 0.3753–0.5851). An inverse correlation was found between the application of ERAS items and morbidity in right-sided and rectal procedures (OR 0.89 and 0.84, respectively 95%CI 0.7976–0.9773 and 95%CI 0.7418–0.9634). Conclusions: Systematic implementation of the ERAS pathway using multi-institutional audits can increase protocol adherence and improve surgical outcomes in patients undergoing colorectal surgery.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Rivista||International Journal of Colorectal Disease|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2020|
- Colorectal surgery
- ERAS guidelines
- Fast track