Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on patients affected by peripheral arterial disease: an Italian single-center study

Maria Margherita Rando, Federico Biscetti, Carlotta Masciocchi, Mariachiara Savino, Maria Anna Nicolazzi, Elisabetta Nardella, Andrea Leonardo Cecchini, E. Rossini, Massimo Massetti, Antonio Gasbarrini, Andrea Flex

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has evolved into a global pandemic, affecting a wide range of medical and surgical specialties. During COVID-19, we assisted in the reallocation of medical resources and services, as well as social distancing measures, and many patients with chronic diseases and comorbidities may have experienced difficulties in obtaining the correct medical care. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and major adverse limb events (MALE) in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI), compared to previous years. Patients and methods: We evaluated 1,335 hospital admissions of 877 patients with PAD admitted to Policlinico A. Gemelli Hospital between January 2017 and February 2020 and 368 hospital admissions of 272 patients with PAD admitted to the Policlinico A. Gemelli Hospital between March 2020 and March 2021. Data on demographic characteristics, comorbidities, symptoms, physical and radiological findings, laboratory tests, and routine visits before or after discharge were collected from electronic medical records. Results: Emergency room (ER) admissions among PAD patients during COVID-19 were higher than before the pandemic [190 (51.63%) vs. 579 (43.37%), p = 0.01]. A MACE was found in 78 (5.84%) pre-pandemic hospitalizations and 126 (34.24%) pandemic hospitalizations (p < 0.01). A MALE was identified in 942 (70.56%) pre-pandemic hospitalizations and 331 (89.95%) pandemic hospitalizations (p < 0.01). Amputation rates during the pandemic were higher than before the pandemic [80 (21.74%) vs. 191 (14.31%), p < 0.01]. The number of in-hospital deaths did not differ between the pandemic and pre-pandemic periods [11 (2.99%) vs. 51 (3.82%), p = 0.55]. Conclusions: In patients with PAD and CLTI, the number of MACE, MALE, and amputations was higher during the COVID-19 period compared to the three years before the pandemic.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)10144-10155
Numero di pagine12
RivistaEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume27
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2023

Keywords

  • SARS-Cov-2, covid 19, pripheral artery disease 8PAD), amputations

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