Impact of Covid 19 pandemic on hematopoietic stem cell transplantation activities: Report from a single center

Sabrina Giammarco, Simona Sica, Elisabetta Metafuni, Maria Assunta Limongiello, Caterina Giovanna Valentini, Federica Sora', John Donald Marra, Andrea Bacigalupo, Luciana Teofili, Patrizia Chiusolo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

The current COVID-19 pandemic has placed unprecedented stress on the healthcare system, including HSCT. Several international organizations have created guidelines for managing different aspects of HSCT in the context of the pandemic. Comparing 2019 and 2020, our transplant center performed the same number of transplants. In both periods, transplants were mainly for patients with acute leukemia; thus, the urgency criteria was respected in light of pandemic restraints. Transplants by sibling donors and cord blood units remained the same, while transplants by unrelated donors were increased, in particular from European registries, and transplants by haploidentical donors were decreased. This change was made in light of the necessity of cryopreserving all apheresis products. We decided against cryopreserving bone marrow products due to the greater risk of drastic reduction in CD34 + cell count during the process. For urgent cases with only a haploidentical donor available, we opted for the use of PBSC following stimulation with G-CSF. GvHD prophylaxis was performed with PTCY on days + 3 + 5, cyclosporine with tapering from day + 100, and mycophenolic acid until day + 90 post-HSCT. Post-transplant outcomes such as graft failure, sepsis, and GVHD were not affected by the changes implemented. As a result of logistic difficulties, we halted our Car-T program from the start of the lockdown in March 2020 until September 2020. In accord with international guidelines, we were able to continue our HSCT program in the order to ensure a lifesaving treatment for patients with hematologic diseases for whom this procedure cannot be postponed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaTransfusion and Apheresis Science
Volume62
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2023

Keywords

  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Graft versus host disease
  • Cryopreservation
  • Engraftment
  • Covid19 pandemic

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