We investigated the interaction between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and high platelet reactivity (HPR) in determining long-term clinical outcomes following elective PCI for stable coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 500 patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel were divided based on the presence of CKD (defined as glomerular filtration rate of < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) and HPR (defined as a P2Y12 reaction unit value ≥ 240 at VerifyNow assay). Primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse clinical events (MACE) at 5 years. Patients with both CKD and HPR showed the highest estimates of MACE (25.6%, p = 0.005), all-cause death (17.9%, p = 0.004), and cardiac death (7.7%, p = 0.004). The combination of CKD and HPR was an independent predictor of MACE (HR 3.12, 95% CI 1.46–6.68, p = 0.003). In conclusion, the combination of CKD and HPR identifies a cohort of patients with the highest risk of MACE at 5 years.
- Chronic kidney disease
- Coronary artery disease
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Platelet reactivity