Imaging of neuropathies about the hip

Luca Padua, C Martinoli, M Miguel Perez, N Gandolfo, A Zicca, A. Tagliafico

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

27 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Neuropathies about the hip may be cause of chronic pain and disability. In most cases, these conditions derive from mechanical or dynamic compression of a segment of a nerve within a narrow osteofibrous tunnel, an opening in a fibrous structure, or a passageway close to a ligament or a muscle. Although the evaluation of nerve disorders primarily relies on neurological examination and electrophysiology, diagnostic imaging is currently used as a complement to help define the site and aetiology of nerve compression and exclude other disease possibly underlying the patient' symptoms. Diagnosis of entrapment neuropathies about the hip with US and MR imaging requires an in-depth knowledge of the normal imaging anatomy and awareness of the anatomic and pathologic factors that may predispose or cause a nerve injury. Accordingly, the aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of hip neuropathies with an emphasis on the relevant anatomy, aetiology, clinical presentation, and their imaging appearance. The lateral femoral cutaneous neuropathy (meiralgia paresthetica), femoral neuropathy, sciatic neuropathy, obturator neuropathy, superior and inferior gluteal neuropathies and pudendal neuropathy will be discussed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
Numero di pagine10
RivistaEuropean Journal of Radiology
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2011

Keywords

  • Compression neuropathies
  • Entrapment neuropathies
  • Femoral nerve
  • Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
  • Lower extremity
  • Obturator nerve
  • Pudendal nerve
  • Sciatic nerve
  • Superior and inferior gluteal nerve

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