Il concetto di sé. Per un sistema di codifica e di analisi del Twenty Statements Test (TST)

Davide Margola, Sara Molgora, Vivian Laurence Vignoles, Giulio Costa, Gabriele Travagin, Vivian L. Vignoles

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Coding schemes developed in the literature for content analysis of spontaneous self-descriptions have provided research results that are hard to interpret, because they have not considered some basic statistical assumptions. Using data from a sample of 426 young adult participants, we illustrate a new coding scheme for spontaneous self-descriptions and develop a set of indices for statistical analyses (completion, salience, density, and contrast indices). The present coding scheme uses a more theoretically-based definition of interdependence and provides a more balanced frequency distribution than two traditional coding schemes in the literature (i.e., Kuhn and McPartland; Triandis). Most participants reported a «mixture» of self-descriptions (independent and interdependent). Overall, no significant gender differences were found. However, females used more emotional-affective content than did males in their independent self-concept. In conclusion we discuss the constructs of consensual and interdependent self-conceptions, as well as the empirical evidence in relation to gender differences in self-description.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] The concept of self. For a Twenty Statements Test (TST) coding and analysis system
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)937-958
Numero di pagine22
RivistaGiornale Italiano di Psicologia
Volume38
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2011

Keywords

  • Twenty Statements Test (TST)
  • collectivism-individualism
  • collettivismo-individualismo
  • concetto di sé
  • differenze di genere
  • gender differences
  • interdependence
  • interdipendenza
  • self-concept

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