Abstract

The essay highlights the role played by Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri in Vatican decision-making processes regarding the Catholic Church in Revolutionary and Post-revolutionary Mexico. Whereas Gasparri enjoyed a good collaboration with Pope Benedict XV (1914–1922), his relationship with Pius XI (1922–1939) – for whom he served as Secretary of State until the end of 1929 – was more difficult. From this perspective the suspension of worship in the whole country ( July 1926) marked a turning point, showing the differences between the pragmatic view of Gasparri and the more intransigent posture of Pius XI, which led to a progressive estrangement of the cardinal from elaborating the guidelines of Vatican politics concerning Mexico. As regards the key elements of Gasparri’s way of acting in the Mexican scenario, one can’t help but notice the attention paid to the relevance of political Catholicism as well as to the defens of religious liberty as a basis for a mutual understanding between Catholics and nonCatholics.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] Cardinal Gasparri and the State-Church conflict in Mexico
Lingua originaleItalian
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteIl cardinale Pietro Gasparri, Segretario di Stato (1914-1930)
EditorL Pettinaroli, M Valente
Pagine229-253
Numero di pagine25
Volume4
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeOnline-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe

Keywords

  • Church-State Conflict in Mexico
  • Cristero War
  • Religious freedom
  • Vatican Diplomacy

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