Familial Mediterranean fever is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by transient attacks of fever and polyserositis with substantial risk of developing amyloidotic nephropathy over time. We report an Italian child with familial Mediterranean fever presenting with hematuria during attacks in whom kidney biopsy documented the presence of mesangial IgA deposits and the absence of amyloidosis. Kidney biopsy should be performed in patients showing microscopic or gross hematuria during attacks of familial Mediterranean fever in order to gain additional epidemiological data about specific features of renal involvement and to allow adequate treatment.
- IgA nephropathy
- Mediterranean fever