Identification of microbial metabolites derived from invitro fecal fermentation of different polyphenolic food sources

Margherita Dall'Asta, Luca Calani, Marianna Tedeschi, Lucia Jechiu, Furio Brighenti, Daniele Del Rio

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

94 Citazioni (Scopus)


Objective: The biological effects of dietary polyphenols are linked to their bioavailability and catabolism in humans. The colon, with its symbiotic microbiota, is an active site where complex polyphenolic compounds are possibly modified to smaller and more absorbable molecules. The aim of this study was to identify the major metabolites derived from microbial colonic fermentation of some common polyphenol-rich foods. Methods: An invitro fecal fermentation model was applied to 16 polyphenol-rich foods and polyphenolic precursors. Phenolic metabolites were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometric detection. Results: Twenty-four phenolic fermentation metabolites were characterized. Some metabolites were common to several polyphenol-rich foods, whereas others were characteristic of specific sources. Conclusion: The metabolites identified invitro likely are generated in the human colon after consumption of polyphenol-rich foods. Their occurrence in plasma and/or urine should be considered when evaluating the bioavailability of polyphenols from specific food groups in humans and in the definition of markers of exposure to specific foods or food groups in epidemiologic studies. However, the search for these and other microbial metabolites after a feeding study invivo should consider their possible further conjugation at the level of the liver. © 2012 Elsevier Inc..
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)197-203
Numero di pagine7
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012


  • Colonic fermentation
  • Microbial metabolites
  • Polyphenols
  • Tandem mass spectrometry


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