Hypo-phosphorylation of salivary peptidome a clue to the molecular pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorders

Massimo Castagnola, Irene Messana, Rosanna Inzitari, Chiara Fanali, Alessia Morelli, Anna Maria Pecoraro, Giovanni Neri, Maria Giulia Torrioli, Fiorella Gurrieri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

RP-HPLC-ESI-MS profile of naturally occurring salivary peptides of subjects with autistic spectrum disorder [ASD; N = 27:12 with diagnosis of autism, 1 with diagnosis of Asperger, 14 with diagnosis of pervasive developmental disorders not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)] was compared to that of age-matched controls with the goal of identifying differences that could turn out to become hallmarks of at least a subgroup of ASD individuals. Phosphorylation level of four specific salivary phospho-peptides, namely statherin, histatin 1 (both, p < 0.0001) and acidic proline-rich proteins (both entire and truncated isoforms) (p < 0.005) was found significantly lower in autistic patients, with hypo-phosphorylation of at least one peptide observed in 18 ASD subjects (66%). Developmental scale assessment (Griffith or WISC-R) carried out on 14 ASD subjects highlighted a normal to borderline cognitive development in 10 of them, all included in the hypo-phosphorylated group. Phosphorylation of salivary peptides involves a Golgi casein kinase common to many organs and tissues, CNS included, whose expression seems to be synchronized during fetal development. Hypo-phosphorylation of salivary peptides suggests potential asynchronies in the phosphorylation of other secretory proteins, which could be relevant in CNS development either during embryonic development or in early infancy. These results suggest that analysis of salivary phospho-peptides might help to discriminate a considerable subgroup of ASD patients
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)5327-5332
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Proteome Research
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2008

Keywords

  • autism
  • salivary peptidome

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