Hydro- and thermotimes for conidial germination kinetics of the ochratoxigenic species Aspergillus carbonarius in vitro, on grape skin and grape flesh

Marco Camardo Leggieri, Paola Battilani, Magan Naresh, David Mitchell, David Aldred, Naresh Magan

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective was to compare the ability of spores of Aspergillus carbonarius to germinate in vitro, in situ on grape skin and grape flesh in relation to temperature (15e40 C) and different relative humidities (100e85 % RH). Spores were inoculated as a spore suspension (106 spores ml 1) onto the surface of white organic grapes and directly onto cut grape flesh. For comparison, spores were spread plate onto a synthetic grape juice medium (SGM) modified to the equivalent water activity (aw) range of 0.995e0.85. This showed that conidia germinated more rapidly on grape flesh (6 h) followed by that on the SGM medium (9 h) and then grape skin (24 h) under optimal condition of 30e35 C and 100 % RH. At marginal conditions, such as 15 C and 85e90 % RH, germination was very slow. The time to 5 % germination was significantly shorter on grape flesh than in vitro on grape medium and slowest on grape skin. This suggests that damaged grapes provide the main method of infection and contamination of grapes and grape products with ochratoxin A (OTA). The combined effect of temperature and RH on conidial germination of A. carbonarius on SGM and grape skin was described by combining Beta and polynomial equations. The equations developed in this work provided a good fit of the biological processes; they could be integrated in a predictive model for infection and OTA prediction in ripening grapes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)993-1003
Numero di pagine11
RivistaFungal Biology
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • Conidial germination
  • Ochratoxigenic fungi
  • Pathogen infection
  • Prediction
  • Relative humidity
  • Temperature

Fingerprint

Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Hydro- and thermotimes for conidial germination kinetics of the ochratoxigenic species Aspergillus carbonarius in vitro, on grape skin and grape flesh'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo