Human saliva from a healthy donor was subjected to fractionation by gel chromatography and six pools were collected and analysed by MALDI-TOF-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS. Three peptides, corresponding to 888.3, 687.3, and 524.1 amu and SNYLYDN, YLYDN, and LYDN sequences (determined by automated Edman sequencing), were isolated from pool 4. YLYDN was not previously described in human saliva. The peptides show the common C-terminal sequence of histatin 3 and histatin 1. To exclude the possibility that the three peptides were an artifact of the purification procedure, nine samples of human saliva were collected from healthy donors, immediately acidified with 0.2% TFA, and analysed by RP-HPLC-ESI-MS. The three peptides were detected in all the analyzed samples. SNYLYDN was always found at a concentration higher than that of YLYDN and LYDN. A correlation analysis performed on quantitative data indicated that the three peptides derive only from histatin 3. Other already known histatins also were searched for in the chromatogram. Histatins 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 10 were observed, although not in all samples analyzed, whereas other minor histatins were not detected.
- Human whole saliva
- Amino Acid Sequence
- Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
- Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
- Salivary Proteins and Peptides
- Chromatography, Gel