Human Rickettsia aeschlimannii infection: first case with acute hepatitis and review of the literature.

Alberto Tosoni, A. Mirijello, Antonio Mirijello, A. Ciervo, F. Mancini, G. Rezza, Fernando Damiano, Roberto Cauda, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Addolorato

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

16 Citazioni (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: Rickettsia conorii is responsible for the Mediterranean Spotted Fever. Recently, new rickettsial species have been recognized in Europe and implicated in human diseases. Clinical features often differ greatly from each other, but non-severe liver involvement is frequently observed during any rickettsial infection. CASE REPORT: We describe the unique case of a patient presented with significant high aminotransferase levels due to the first human R. aeschlimannii infection ever detected in Italy. The hypothesis of rickettsiosis was made on the basis of a comprehensive medical history and was confirmed by serological tests. Molecular analyses made on a sample of hepatic tissue revealed the presence of a rickettsial species never found before in human liver. CONCLUSIONS: A brief review of the literature is reported to highlight how relevant this case is and to remind that rickettsioses should be in the differential diagnoses of acute hepatitis, considering mostly the recent spread of new rickettsial species.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2630-2633
Numero di pagine4
RivistaEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016


  • acute hepatitis


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