How to achieve optimal organization of primary care service delivery at system level: lessons from Europe

Ferruccio Pelone, Dionne S. Kringos, Peter Spreeuwenberg, Antonio De Belvis, Peter P. Groenewegen

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

24 Citazioni (Scopus)


Objective_ To measure the relative efficiency of primary care (PC) in turning their structures into services delivery and turning their services delivery into quality outcomes. Design_ Cross-sectional study based on the dataset of the Primary Healthcare Activity Monitor for Europe project. Two Data Envelopment Analysis models were run to compare the relative technical efficiency. A sensitivity analysis of the resulting efficiency scores was performed. Setting_ PC systems in 22 European countries in 2009/2010. Main Outcome Measures_ Model 1 included data on PC governance, workforce development and economic conditions as inputs and access, coordination, continuity and comprehensiveness of care as outputs. Model 2 included the previous process dimensions as inputs and quality indicators as outputs. Results_ There is relatively reasonable efficiency in all countries at delivering as many as possible PC processes at a given level of PC structure. It is particularly important to invest in economic conditions to achieve an efficient structure–process balance. Only five countries have fully efficient PC systems in turning their services delivery into high quality outcomes, using a similar combination of access, continuity and comprehensiveness, although they differ on the adoption of coordination of services. There is a large variation in efficiency levels obtained by countries with inefficient PC in turning their services delivery into quality outcomes. Conclusions_ Maximizing the individual functions of PC without taking into account the coherence within the health-care system is not sufficient from a policymaker's point of view when aiming to achieve efficiency.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-13
Numero di pagine13
RivistaInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013


  • benchmarking
  • health policy
  • health-care system
  • measurement of quality
  • primary care/general practice
  • quality indicators
  • setting of care


Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'How to achieve optimal organization of primary care service delivery at system level: lessons from Europe'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo